The Army of Pyrrhus of Epirus: 3rd Century BC (Men-at-Arms) | Roman Army Units in the Western Provinces (2): 3rd Century AD (Men-at-Arms) | Strasbourg AD 357: The victory that saved Gaul (Campaign) | The Khazars: A Judeo-Turkish Empire on the Steppes, 7thâ11th Centuries AD (Men-at-Arms) | Kulikovo 1380: The battle that made Russia (Campaign) | Armies of the Baltic Independence Wars 1918â20 (Elite) | Roman Heavy Cavalry (1): Cataphractarii & Clibanarii, 1st Century BCâ5th Century AD (Elite)
Using detailed color plates, this beautifully illustrated book describes the myriad of armies and navies that fought for control of Italy in the Middle Ages.
The great powers of medieval Europe fought continuously in the Italian peninsula between the 12th and 14th centuries as they sought to expand their territory. Invading armies from Germany--the Holy Roman Empire--saw the creation of the defensive Lombard League of northern Italian city-states. These struggles resulted in conflicts between rival confederacies, which in turn proved to be the catalysts for developments in organization and tactics. Italian urban militias became better organized and equipped, the Imperial armies went from being mostly German to multinational forces, and both sides became reliant on mercenary forces to prosecute their wars.
After the 1260s, France, relying mainly on armored cavalry, and Spain, with their innovative light infantry, vied for control of southern Italy. On the seas, the great naval powers of Genoa, Pisa, and Venice became fierce rivals, as they created great trading empires, bringing the treasures of the east into feudal Europe.
Pricing is shown for items sent to or within the U.S., excluding shipping and tax. Please consult the store to determine exact fees. No warranties are made express or implied about the accuracy, timeliness, merit, or value of the information provided. Information subject to change without notice. isbn.nu is not a bookseller, just an information source.