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Tables of Contents for Environmental Interpretation
Chapter/Section Title
Page #
Page Count
Foreword
xi
 
Preface
xii
 
Acknowledgments
xxiii
 
PART ONE---IMPORTANT CONCEPTS
1
44
What is Interpretation?
3
30
Interpretation Versus Formal Instruction
4
1
Captive Versus Noncaptive Audiences
5
3
The Interpretive Approach to Communication
8
20
Glossary Terms
28
1
Good Interpretation's Worth Money
29
2
References
31
1
Additional Reading
31
2
Practicing Thematic Interpretation
33
12
Topics Versus Themes
34
1
How to Write a Theme Statement
34
2
Why It Helps to Build Your Presentation Around a Theme
36
3
People Remember Themes---They Forget Facts
39
1
Being Thematic in Oral and Written Presentations
40
1
Glossary Terms
41
1
Thematic Interpretation---The Price Is Right!
42
1
References
43
1
Additional Reading
43
2
PART TWO---CONDUCTED ACTIVITIES
45
188
How to Prepare and Present a Talk
47
30
Types of Talks
47
3
Qualities of a Good Talk
50
1
A Note About Personal Style
51
1
How to Plan and Prepare a Thematic Talk
52
18
Tips for Better Speaking
70
2
Glossary Terms
72
1
Talks Afloat
73
2
References
75
1
Additional Reading
75
2
Tips on Using Visual Aids
77
54
The Role of Visual Aids in Interpretation
77
1
How Does the Brain Utilize a Visual Aid?
78
4
Using Visual Aids in a Talk
82
27
Creating Your Own Illustrations
109
1
Glossary Terms
110
9
The Idaho Natural Resource Education Traveling Trunks
119
3
Resurrection of an Old Friend---Felt Story Boards for Environmental Education
122
2
Powerful Slides from Simple Techniques
124
3
References
127
2
Additional Reading
129
2
How to Prepare and Present a Guided Tour or Walk
131
32
Types of Tours
132
1
Qualities of a Good Tour
132
2
Tour Guides Have Personalities
134
2
How to Plan and Prepare a Thematic Tour
136
11
Ways to Make a Tour More Dynamic
147
3
Tips on Tour Mechanics
150
1
Glossary Terms
151
2
Guided Walks and the Protection of an Archaeological Site
153
4
Guided Train Tours in National Forests---A New Kind of Partnership in Interpretation
157
2
Situation Training for Tour Guides---Intensity Pays!
159
2
References
161
1
Additional Reading
162
1
Guidelines for Other Conducted Activities
163
28
Living History Demonstrations
163
4
Personification
167
1
Puppet Shows
168
1
Roving Interpretation
169
2
Working at an Information Station
171
7
A Note on Handling Angry and Difficult Visitors
178
1
Glossary Terms
178
1
Puppets Are an Interpretive Resource
179
4
Interpretation on Wheels---A Mobile Information Station in Southeast Alaska
183
2
Creative Interpretive Financing
185
3
References
188
1
Additional Reading
189
2
Case Studies on School and Community Programs
191
42
Formal and Nonformal Community Education Programs
192
1
Educational Events Versus Campaigns
193
1
Mass Media
194
1
Role Playing and Community Theater
194
1
Capitalizing on Traditional Celebrations
195
1
Introduction to the Case Studies and How to Use Them
196
4
Glossary Terms
200
1
A Community Celebrates Nature: The Wenatchee River Return-of-the-Salmon Festival
201
6
Traveling Ecology Theater---Nobody's Ever Alone in the Forest
207
4
The Impact Monster---A Skit for Teaching Wilderness Use Ethics
211
4
The ``Bat Show'' Comes to Bagaces!
215
2
Taking Wildlife to Children---Traveling Education Programs in a Box
217
4
The Environmental Express---Trinidad and Tobago's Mobile Interpretation Center
221
3
The Pied Bare-Faced Tamarin Conservation Education Campaign: How We Did it, and Cheaper
224
3
Reaching Out with Environmental Education: Two Innovations from Trinidad and Tobago
227
3
References
230
1
Additional Reading
231
2
PART THREE---SELF-GUIDED MEDIA
233
174
How to Plan and Prepare Inexpensive Exhibits
235
76
Do Effective Exhibits Require a Lot of Money?
236
1
Types of Exhibits
236
1
Qualities of a Good Exhibit
237
1
Conceptual Designs Begin with Theme Titles and Levels
237
9
Preparing Messages and Writing Copy
246
1
Artistic Considerations in Exhibit Design
247
9
How to Select a Color Scheme
256
7
A World About Indoor Lighting and Color Schemes
263
1
Text and Type Styles
263
4
Spacing Between Lines of Text
267
10
Adding Interest to Exhibits
277
6
Making Inexpensive Outdoor Wooden Signs
283
4
A Word About Regulatory Signs
287
1
Glossary Terms
287
3
Planning Exhibits---Creative Teamwork Puts Magic in the Message
290
4
Type Matters---Some Typographical Guidelines for Interpretive Texts
294
5
Just Say No to Litter---Untraditional Signing Supported by Enlightened Regulation in a Costa Rican National Park
299
3
Signs for the Times---Some Design Considerations for Today's Visitor
302
2
From Bulletin Boards to Information Boards---User-Friendly Communication is the Key
304
3
References
307
2
Additional Reading
309
2
How to Develop Inexpensive Self-Guided Tours
311
38
Types of Self-Guided Tours
312
1
Self-Guided Tours are Sequential
312
1
Brochures, Signs, or Audio---Which Is Best?
312
2
Qualities of a Good Self-Guided Tour
314
4
Designing A Self-Guided Trail
318
5
Anatomy of a Good Self-Guided Trail
323
7
Conceptual Planning for Self-Guided Tours
330
6
Ways to Make Self-Guided Trails More Dynamic
336
2
Glossary Terms
338
1
Talking Trails---Inexpensive Options for Self-Guiding Trail Brochures
339
4
Accessibility---Facts, Challenges, and Opportunities for Interpreters
343
3
References
346
1
Additional Reading
347
2
How to Produce an Inexpensive Slide/Tape Program
349
38
Types of Audiovisual Programs
349
1
Why Slide/Tape Programs?
350
1
Five Steps to Better Slide/Tape Programs
350
24
Presenting a Slide/Tape Program
374
1
Multi-Media versus Multi-Image Programs
375
4
Glossary Terms
379
1
Slide/Tape Shows---Getting Your Message Across, Even When You Can't Be There
380
4
References
384
1
Additional Reading
385
2
Protecting Interpretive Resources
387
20
Protecting Outdoor Exhibits and Signs
387
2
Protecting Slides and Photographs
389
10
Protecting Video-and Audiotapes
399
2
Glossary
401
1
Storage of Photographic Prints, Slides, and Negatives---If You Value Them, You'll Take Care of Them
402
4
References
406
1
Additional Reading
406
1
Appendix A: Glossary of Key Terms
407
10
Appendix B: Models
417
8
Appendix C: Lettering Aids
425
6
Appendix D: Key Organizations in Interpretation and Environmental Education
431