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Tables of Contents for Environmental Ethics
Chapter/Section Title
Page #
Page Count
Preface
vii
 
INTRODUCTION On Ethics and Environmental Concerns
1
3
What Is Ethics?
4
7
PART ONE Theory
11
286
CHAPTER ONE Western Philosophy of Nature: The Roots of Our Ecological Situation
12
19
1 Genesis 1-3
13
2
LYNN WHITE
2 The Historical Roots of Our Ecological Crisis
15
6
LEWIS W. MONCRIEF
3 The Cultural Basis of Our Environmental Crisis
21
5
PATRICK DOBEL
4 The Judeo-Christian Stewardship Attitude to Nature
26
5
CHAPTER TWO Animal Rights
31
38
IMMANUEL KANT
Rational Beings Alone Have Moral Worth
33
2
BERNARD ROLLIN
Sentience as the Criterion for Moral Worth
35
4
PETER SINGER
A Utilitarian Defense of Animal Liberation
39
7
TOM REGAN
8 The Radical Egalitarian Case for Animal Rights
46
6
MARY ANNE WARREN
9 A Critique of Regan's Animal Rights Theory
52
5
J. BAIRD CALLICOTT
10 Animal Liberation: A Triangular Affair
57
12
CHAPTER THREE Does Nature Have Intrinsic Value? Biocentric and Ecocentric Ethics and Deep Ecology
69
104
DOES NATURE HAVE INTRINSIC VALUE?
70
23
HOLMES ROLSTON, III
11 Yes, Value Is Intrinsic in Nature
70
11
ERNEST PARTRIDGE
12 Values in Nature: Is Anybody There?
81
7
HOLMES ROLSTON, III
13 Values at Stake: Does Anything Matter? A Response to Ernest Partridge
88
3
ERNEST PARTRIDGE
14 Discovering a World of Values: A Response to Rolston
91
2
BIOCENTRIC ETHICS
93
24
ALBERT SCHWEITZER
15 Reverence of Life
93
5
PAUL TAYLOR
16 Biocentric Egalitarianism
98
12
KENNETH GOODPASTER
17 On Being Morally Considerable
110
7
ECOCENTRIC ETHICS
117
17
ALDO LEOPOLD
18 Ecocentrism: The Land Ethic
117
7
J. BAIRD CALLICOTT
19 The Conceptual Foundations of the Land Ethic
124
10
DEEP ECOLOGY
134
39
ARNE NAESS
20 The Shallow and the Deep, Long-Range Ecological Movement
134
3
ARNE NAESS
21 Ecosophy T: Deep Versus Shallow Ecology
137
7
BILL DEVALL
GEORGE SESSIONS
22 Deep Ecology
144
5
RICHARD WATSON
23 A Critique of Anti-Anthropocentric Ethics
149
6
MURRAY BOOKCHIN
24 Social Ecology Versus Deep Ecology
155
8
JAMES P. STERBA
25 Environmental Justice: Reconciling Anthropocentric and Nonanthropocentric Ethics
163
10
CHAPTER FOUR Ecofeminism
173
16
KAREN J. WARREN
26 The Power and Promise of Ecological Feminism
173
10
MARGARITA GARCIA LEVIN
27 A Critique of Ecofeminism
183
6
CHAPTER FIVE The Gaia Hypothesis and Biospheric Ethics
189
14
JAMES LOVELOCK
SIDNEY EPTON
28 The Quest for Gaia
190
4
JAMES W. KIRCHNER
29 The Gaia Hypotheses: Are They Testable? Are They Useful?
194
9
CHAPTER SIX Preservation of the Species, Nature, and Natural Objects
203
44
Donella H. Meadows
30 Biodiversity: The Key to Saving Life on Earth
204
2
LILLIY-MARLENE RUSSOW
31 Why Do Species Matter?
206
6
STEPHEN JAY GOULD
32 The Golden Rule--A Proper Scale for Our Environmental Crisis
212
4
MARTIN H. KRIEGER
33 What's Wrong with Plastic Trees?
216
11
ROBERT ELLIOT
34 Faking Nature
227
6
ERIC KATZ
35 The Call of the Wild: The Struggle Against Domination and the Technological Fix of Nature
233
5
CHRISTOPHER D. STONE
36 Should Trees Have Standing? Toward Legal Rights for Natural Objects
238
9
CHAPTER SEVEN Non-Western Perspectives on Environmental Ethics
247
29
O. P. DWIVEDI
37 Satyagraha for Conservation: Awakening the Spirit of Hinduism
248
6
LILY DE SILVA
38 The Buddhist Attitude Towards Nature
254
4
MAWIL Y. IZZI DEEN
39 Islamic Environmental Ethics, Law, and Society
258
5
SEGUN OGUNGBEMI
40 An African Perspective on the Environmental Crisis
263
7
RAMCHANDRA GUHA
41 Radical Environmentalism and Wilderness Preservation: A Third World Critique
270
6
CHAPTER EIGHT Obligations of Future Generations
276
21
ROBERT HEILBRONER
42 What Has Posterity Ever Done for Me?
276
3
GARRETT HARDIN
43 Who Cares for Posterity?
279
5
MARTIN GOLDING
44 Limited Obligations to Future Generations
284
5
DEREK PARFIT
45 Energy Policy and the Further Future: The Identity Problem
289
8
PART TWO Applications
297
269
CHAPTER NINE Population: General Considerations
299
50
TRISTRAM COFFIN
46 Earth, the Crowded Planet
302
3
GARRETT HARDIN
47 The Tragedy of the Commons
305
7
LINDSEY GRANT
48 The Central Immigration Issue: How Many Americans?
312
13
JACQUELINE KASUN
49 The Unjust War Against Population
325
10
JODI JACOBSON
50 China's Baby Budget
335
7
HUGH LAFOLLETTE
51 Licensing Parents
342
7
CHAPTER TEN Population and World Hunger
349
29
GARRET HARDIN
52 Lifeboat Ethics
350
7
WILLIAM W. MURDOCH
ALLAN OATEN
53 Population and Food: A Critique of Lifeboat Ethics
357
4
PETER SINGER
54 Famine, Affluence, and Morality
361
6
JAMES RACHELS
55 Vegetarianism and "the Other Weight Problem"
367
7
TRISTRAM COFFIN
56 The World Food Supply: The Damage Done by Cattle-Raising
374
4
CHAPTER ELEVEN Pollution: General Considerations
378
30
GEORGE BRADFORD
57 We All Live in Bhopal
380
4
JULIAN SIMON
58 Against the Doomsdayers!
384
9
WILLIAM F. BAXTER
59 People or Penguins: The Case for Optimal Pollution
393
3
HILARY FRENCH
60 You Are What You Breathe
396
5
ROBERT N. STAVINS
BRADLEY W. WHITEHEAD
61 Market-Based Incentives for Environmental Protection
401
7
CHAPTER TWELVE Pesticides
408
23
RACHEL CARSON
62 Silent Spring
409
4
DIXY LEE RAY
LOUIS GUZZO
63 The Blessings of Pesticides
413
4
MICHAEL FUMENTO
64 Environmental Hysteria: The Alar Scare
417
9
DAVID PIMENTEL
65 Is Silent Spring Behind Us?
426
5
CHAPTER THIRTEEN Atmospheric Conditions: The Greenhouse Effect and the Ozone Layer
431
16
CHRISTOPHER FLAVIN
66 The Heat Is On: The Greenhouse Effect
432
7
DIXY LEE RAY
LOUIS GUZZO
67 The Greenhouse Effect: Hype and Hysteria
439
8
CHAPTER FOURTEEN Are We Conquering Hazardous Waste?
447
15
JACK LEWIS
68 Superfund, RCRA, and UST: The Clean-Up Threesome
449
6
THOMAS GRUMBLY
69 The Superfund: Significant Improvements Are Needed
455
4
DAVID SAROKIN
70 The Solution to Hazardous Waste: Reduce Its Production
459
3
CHAPTER FIFTEEN Should We Revive Nuclear Power?
462
31
JOHN JAGGER
71 The Natural World of Radiation
463
4
CHRISTOPHER FLAVIN
72 No: The Case Against Reviving Nuclear Power
467
5
JOHN JAGGER
73 Yes: Nuclear Power Is Safe, and We Need It
472
13
NICHOLAS LENSSEN
74 Nuclear Waste: The Problem That Won't Go Away
485
8
CHAPTER SIXTEEN Economics and the Environment
493
29
WILLIAM E. REES
75 Sustainable Development: Economic Myths and Ecological Realities
494
6
MARK SAGOFF
76 At the Shrine of Our Lady of Fatima, or Why Political Questions Are Not All Economic
500
7
KRISTIN SHRADER-FRECHETTE
77 A Defense of Risk-Cost-Benefit Analysis
507
8
ROBERT GOODLAND
GEORGE LEDEC
78 Neoclassical Economics and Principles of Sustainable Development
515
7
CHAPTER SEVENTEEN From Dysfunctional to Sustainable Society
522
44
AL GORE
79 Dysfunctional Civilization
523
9
LAURA WESTRA
80 Environmental Risks, Rights, and the Failure of Liberal Democracy
532
13
EUGENE HARGROVE
81 Environmental Ethics and Democracy: A Response to Westra
545
5
ALAN THEIN DURNING
82 An Ecological Critique of Global Advertising
550
6
LOUIS P. POIMAN
83 Sustainable Transportation: Pedaling Power
556
3
LESTER BROWN
CHRISTOPHER FLAVIN
SANDRA POSTEL
84 Vision of a Sustainable World
559
7
EPILOGUE The Rio Declaration (1992)
566