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Tables of Contents for Bird Migration
Chapter/Section Title
Page #
Page Count
Introduction
1
3
Evolution, genetic basis, and extent of bird migration
4
7
History of bird migration studies
11
3
Current methods of studying bird migration
14
21
Observation of visible migration
14
2
Shooting and collecting
16
1
Acoustic registration
16
1
Radar tracking
16
3
Telemetry and satellite tracking
19
3
Bird-ringing and other marking methods
22
2
Standardized trapping methods
24
3
Recording of migratory restlessness; breeding and keeping of test birds
27
3
Studies of orientation performance
30
2
Laboratory methods and combined procedures
32
3
The phenomena of bird migration
35
51
Some definitions
35
1
Periodic seasonal return migrations
35
3
Dispersal, dismigration, and spacing
38
3
Irruptions
41
2
Nomadic movements
43
2
Pursuing movements
45
2
Escape movements
47
2
Spreading movements
49
1
Differential migration
50
2
Partial migration and changes in migratory behaviour
52
3
Moult migration
55
1
Migratory directions: general overview
56
1
Broad-front migration
57
3
Small-front migration
60
1
Funnel-shaped migration, fan-shaped migration
61
2
Migration divides
63
1
Historically based detours
64
1
Directional changes: migration bends, arched migration
65
1
Loop migration
66
1
Chain and leap-frog migration
67
1
Intermittent migration, summer migration
68
1
Reverse migration, mild-weather migration, weather-related commuting movements
69
1
Diurnal and nocturnal migration
70
2
Migration stages
72
2
Migration periods, duration of migration
74
2
Spatial precision
76
1
Temporal precision
77
1
Flight altitudes during migration
78
1
Resting areas
79
2
Locomotion during migration
81
2
Risks of migration
83
1
General preconditions for migration
84
2
Physiological bases and control of bird migration
86
56
Adaptive juvenile development
86
3
Hyperphagia
89
1
Fat deposition
89
3
Metabolic adaptations, fat formation, fat utilization
92
2
Nutritional adaptations
94
2
Changes in body composition during migration
96
2
Fat reserves and migratory behaviour, energy expenditure and migratory performance
98
4
Thermoregulation and water balance
102
1
Strategies to overcome barriers during migration; altitudinal adaptations
103
3
The hormonal and neuronal basis of migration
106
3
Behavioural adaptations for migration
109
2
Initiation of the first autumn migration
111
3
Control of period and pattern of migration in inexperienced migrants
114
5
Control of migratory stages and speed during the first autumn migration
119
1
Termination of the first autumn migration
120
1
The resting area: result of migratory behaviour and life-form
121
2
Control of homeward migration and later migratory periods
123
1
Control of partial migration and differential migratory behaviour
124
4
The influence of weather and climate
128
3
Direct effects of population density, social status, and resources
131
2
The relative role of endogenous programmes and of genetic and environmental factors
133
3
Choice of habitat on staging and wintering grounds, competition and competition avoidance
136
4
The relationship between migration and other annual processes
140
2
Orientation mechanisms
142
32
Some definitions
143
2
Simple and complicated orientation mechanisms
145
1
Pre-programmed goal directions, genetic determination, and the influence of social bonds and imprinting
145
4
Compasses
149
7
Sun compass
149
2
Magnetic compass
151
2
Star compass
153
1
Further possible reference cues
154
2
Sensory basis
156
2
Navigation hypotheses
158
9
Inertial navigation
159
1
Magnetic field navigation
160
1
Magnetic field-Coriolis force navigation
160
1
Sun navigation
161
1
Star navigation
161
1
Olfactory navigation
162
2
Vector navigation
164
2
The map-and-compass concept
166
1
Ecological and evolutionary aspects
167
5
Development and co-ordination of different orientation mechanisms
172
2
Synopsis: course and control of migration of a typical long-distance migrant passerine
174
6
Threats and the conservation and future of migrants
180
14
General aspects
180
1
Examples of the decline of migrant populations
181
4
Main threats
185
4
Conservation measures
189
3
Future prospects for migrants
192
2
Evolutionary aspects of bird migration in the future
194
6
The significance of bird migration for human society
200
2
Outlook
202
2
Glossary
204
3
Bibliography
207
31
Index
238