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Tables of Contents for Texts and Contexts
Chapter/Section Title
Page #
Page Count
To the Student
xiii
 
Preface: To the Instructor
xvii
 
Part I Writing from the Top Down
1
70
The Writing Process
3
50
Reading Actively and Efficiently
3
8
Writing Summaries
11
1
Steps in Writing a Summary
12
1
An Experienced Writer Writes a Summary
12
11
Analyzing and Evaluating Your Information
23
1
Organizing and Finding Your Point
24
1
Writing a Report
25
6
The Idea Draft
31
2
Later Drafts
33
2
Using Quotations
35
2
Paraphrasing
37
16
Sentence Combining
39
1
Shaping Sentences
39
2
Recognizing Verb Forms for Writing and Sentence Combining
41
3
Shaping Sentences with Adjectives and Verb Forms
44
4
Shaping Sentences with Prepositional Phrases
48
5
The Shape of Texts
53
18
Introductions and Thesis Statements
53
3
Students at Work: Introductions
56
3
Paragraphs: Proving Your Points
59
2
Topic Sentences and the Organization Process
61
3
Students at Work: Paragraphs
64
3
Conclusions
67
4
Part II Discovering and Writing
71
320
Learning by Sorting It Out
73
74
An Important Thinking Tool: Making Inferences
73
2
Inferences and Guesses
75
1
Good Inferences and Bad Inferences
75
2
Classifying to Discover
77
70
Assignments and Readings
80
1
Analyzing Television for Children
80
1
Reading Assignment
81
1
What Are TV Ads Selling to Children?
81
2
John J. O'Connor
Females and Minorities in TV Ads in 1987 Saturday Children's Programs
83
3
Daniel Riffe
Helene Goldson
Kelly Saxton
Yang-Chou Yu
Essay Assignment
86
1
Analyzing the Job Market
87
1
Reading Assignment
88
1
U.S. Income Inequality Keeps on Rising
89
7
Robert B. Reich
Tomorrow's Jobs by Bureau of Labor Statistics U.S. Department of Labor
96
6
Benefits Dwindle Along with Wages for the Unskilled
102
2
Peter Passell
Present Day Jobs
104
3
Essay Assignment
107
1
Learning What Our Magazines Tell About Us
108
1
Reading Assignment
109
1
Help or Hindrance? Women's Magazines Offer Readers Little but Fear, Failure
109
3
Mary Kay Blakely
We've Come a Long Way, but Magazines Stayed Behind
112
4
Susan Dudash
Essay Assignment
116
1
How Do Advertisers Try to Manipulate Us?
117
1
Reading Assignment
118
1
Advertising's Fifteen Basic Appeals
118
10
Jib Fowles
Essay Assignment
128
1
The Writer's Checklist
129
2
Sentence Combining
131
1
Joining Ideas to Show Basic Logical Relationships
131
4
Subordinating Conjunctions
135
7
Transition Words
142
5
Learning by Comparing
147
62
Comparing and Contrasting to Discover
147
1
Organizing Essays Based on Comparison and Contrast
148
21
Assignments and Readings
150
1
Changing Tastes in Television: 1970 and Today
150
1
Reading Assignment
151
1
Network Prime-Time Programming
152
4
Essay Assignment
156
1
Comparing American Families in the Past and Present
157
1
Reading Assignment
158
1
The Social Order in Colonial New England
158
1
Edmund S. Morgan
The Role of Men and Women in Colonial New England
159
2
Edmund S. Morgan
Louis B. Wright
The Role of Children in Colonial New England
161
2
Edmund S. Morgan
Men Assuming Bigger Share at Home, New Survey Shows
163
2
Tamar Lewin
For First Time, Nuclear Families Drop Below 25% of Households
165
2
Eric Schmitt
Essay Assignment
167
1
Examining American and Asian Educational Methods
168
1
Reading Assignment
169
40
New Math-Science Study Rates U.S. Students Mediocre at Best
169
1
William S. Robinson
Why Are U.S. Kids Poor in Math?
170
1
Barbara Vobejda
Japan's School System
171
2
James Kilpatrick
We Should Cherish Our Children's Freedom to Think
173
1
Kie Ho
Strengths, Weaknesses, and Lessons of Japanese Education
174
6
James Fallows
School Here in the United States and There in Vietnam, Student Essay
180
2
Some Public Schools Don't Make the Grade
182
1
Richard Morin
Essay Assignment
183
1
The Health-Care Crisis: Examining Two Approaches to National Health
184
2
Reading Assignment
186
3
U.S. Spends Most on Health, but France No. 1 in Treatment
189
1
Lauran Neergaard
A Hard Lesson about Socialized Medicine
190
1
Michael Tanner
Why the U.S. Needs a Single Payer Health System
191
3
David U. Himmelstein
Steffie Woolhander
Essay Assignment
194
1
The Writer's Checklist
195
2
Sentence Combining
197
1
Joining Ideas to Show Contrast and Concession
197
1
What Is Concession?
198
1
Summary of Comparison/Contrast Words
198
1
Using Joining Words to Show Emphasis
199
10
Arguing
209
102
Facts and Opinions
209
3
Evaluating Evidence and Shaping Your Argument
212
99
Assignments and Readings
216
1
Deciding Carmen Herrera's Future
216
1
Reading Assignment
217
1
Various Comments on Carmen's Dilemma by her counselor, parents, boyfriend, employer, friend, sister, brother
218
1
Essay Assignment
219
1
Should High School Students Work?
220
1
Reading Assignment
221
1
Part-Time Work Ethic: Should Teens Go for It?
221
4
Dennis McLellan
McJobs
225
4
Ben Wildavsky
Why Fast-Food Joints Don't Serve Up Good Jobs for Kids
229
4
Amitai Etzioni
Why Not Ask the Students? Urban Teenagers Make the Case for Working
233
7
Katherine Cress
Essay Assignment
240
1
Should People Keep Handguns at Home?
241
1
Reading Assignment
241
1
The Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution
242
1
Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries
242
7
E. G. Krug
K. E. Powell
L. L. Dahlberg
Handgun Regulations, Crime, Assaults, and Homicide: A Tale of Two Cities
249
5
Drs. J. H. Sloan
A. L. Kellermann
D. T. Reay
J. A. Ferris
T. Koepsell
F. P. Rivara
C. Rice
L. Gray
J. LoGerfo
Crime Is the Basic Problem, Not Guns
254
1
Wayne LaPierre
Should You Carry a Gun? A New Study Argues for Concealed Weapons
255
2
Romesh Ratnesar
Taking Another Look at Right to Bear Arms
257
2
Neil A. Lewis
Why I Bought a Gun
259
4
Gail Buchalter
Man Shoots Own Son
263
1
Essay Assignment
264
1
Censorship of High School Newspapers
265
1
Reading Assignment
266
1
Pregnancy at Hazelwood High
266
1
Christine de Hass
Divorce's Impact on Kids May Have Lifelong Effects
267
2
Shari Gordon
A Limit on the Student Press
269
1
Jean Seligmann
Tessa Namuth
High School Papers Grow Up
270
2
Jerry Carroll
High Court Gives a Civics Lesson
272
2
Fred M. Hechinger
Censorship: A Fact of Life Students Are Forced to Face
274
3
Jonathan Yardley
Essay Assignment
277
1
Should English Be the Official Language of the United States?
278
1
Reading Assignment
279
1
Proposition 63
279
1
Argument in Favor of Proposition 63
280
1
S. I. Hayakawa
J. William Orozco
Stanley Diamond
Official English and English Plus: An Update
281
5
Liberty and Language for All
286
2
Andy Rooney
Essay Assignment
288
1
The Writer's Checklist
289
2
Sentence Combining
291
1
Shaping Sentences to Show Relationships: Appositives
291
1
Punctuating Noun Phrases in Sentences
291
9
Shaping Sentences to Show Relationships: Adjective Clauses
300
2
Special Rules
302
9
Discussing
311
75
Argument and Discussion in School and on the Job
311
1
Writing Discussion Essays
312
74
Assignments and Readings
313
1
Who Should Care for the Children?
313
1
Reading Assignment
314
1
Who's Taking Care of the Children?
314
3
Michael Ryan
Home Day Care Providers Face Increasing Demand
317
1
Tammy Hansen
High Staff Turnover Imperils Child Care, Researcher Says
318
3
Anastasia Hendrix
An Interview with Mary S
321
1
Canada Takes Steps Toward Universal Child Care
321
1
Colin Nickerson
Child Care Sacred as France Cuts Back the Welfare State
322
4
Marlise Simons
Essay Assignment
326
1
Rating the Movies
327
1
Reading Assignment
328
1
The Motion Picture Production Code
328
2
NC-17 Replaces X in Movie Ratings
330
1
The Big Chill
331
2
Lois P. Sheinfeld
Avoiding the Censors
333
1
Peter Stack
The Rating Game
334
3
Paul Attanasio
Essay Assignment
337
1
Is Hate Speech Free Speech?
338
1
Reading Assignment
339
1
The First Amendment to the United States Constitution
339
1
The Debate Over Placing Limits on Racist Speech Must Not Ignore the Damage It Does to Its Victims
340
4
Charles R. Lawrence III
Free Speech on the Campus
344
5
Nat Hentoff
Hate Speech on Campus
349
2
Joseph S. Tuman
Rethinking Campus Speech Codes
351
4
Ben Wildavsky
Essay Assignment
355
1
Should College Athletics Be Reformed?
355
1
Reading Assignment
356
1
Helping Top Athletes Meet Minimum Standards
356
3
Kate Zernike
NCAA Stirs Debate---Are SATs Racist?
359
1
Cheers to John Thompson's Empty Chair
360
1
John Eisenberg
A Kinder, Gentler Racism
361
2
Mona Charen
The Ivy League at 30: A Model for College Athletics or an Outmoded Antique?
363
3
Douglas Lederman
Essay Assignment
366
1
The Writer's Checklist
366
2
Sentence Combining
368
1
Shaping Sentences to Show Relationships: Verbal Phrases
368
10
Shaping Sentences to Show Relationships: Parallelism
378
8
Writing the In-Class Essay
386
5
The Essay Exam
386
2
The Writing Test
388
1
Planning Your Time
388
3
Part III Proofreading Skills Workbook
391
74
Self-teaching assignments for common usage problems
Introduction
392
1
Proofreading Quiz
393
72
Identifying Subjects and Verbs
395
6
Agreement Between Subjects and Verbs
401
7
Past Tense and Past Participles
408
5
The Past-to-Present Tense (Present Perfect)
413
4
The Past-Before-Past Tense (Past Perfect)
417
4
Comma-Splice Errors
421
3
Sentence Fragments
424
5
Pronouns
429
9
Using A and An
438
1
Noun Plurals
439
2
Noncountable Nouns
441
2
Dropped Contractions of Is and Are
443
1
Forming Direct Questions
444
4
Forming Indirect Questions
448
1
Apostrophes to Show Possession
449
5
Homophones
454
5
Capitalization
459
6
Credits
465
4
Index
469
5
Index of Authors and Titles
474