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Tables of Contents for Anthropology
Chapter/Section Title
Page #
Page Count
Preface
vi
 
PART I INTRODUCTION TO ANTHROPOLOGY
1
12
Chapter 1 What Is Anthropology?
1
12
The Scope of Anthropology
1
1
The Holistic Approach
2
1
The Anthropological Curiosity
3
1
Fields of Anthropology
3
6
The Usefulness of Anthropology
9
2
Summary
11
1
Notes
12
1
PART II HUMAN EVOLUTION: BIOLOGICAL AND CULTURAL
13
132
Chapter 2 Evolution
13
14
The Principles of Natural Selection
14
2
Heredity
16
4
Sources of Variability
20
2
The Origin of Species
22
1
Natural Selection of Behavioral Traits
23
2
Summary
25
1
Notes
25
2
Chapter 3 Primate Evolution: From Early Primates to Hominoids
27
21
Common Primate Traits
28
2
Distinctive Human Traits
30
4
Interpreting the Fossil Record
34
2
The Emergence of Primates
36
4
The Emergence of Anthropoids
40
2
The Miocene Anthropoids: Monkeys, Apes, and Hominids (?)
42
1
The Divergence of Hominids from the Other Hominoids
43
1
Summary
44
1
Notes
45
3
Chapter 4 Early Hominids and Their Cultures
48
22
Trends in Hominid Evolution
48
6
Australopithecines: The Earliest Definite Hominids
54
4
Early Species of Homo
58
1
Early Hominid Cultures
58
3
Homo erectus
61
3
Homo erectus Cultures
64
2
Summary
66
1
Notes
67
3
Chapter 5 The Emergence of Homo sapiens and Their Cultures
70
20
The Transition from Homo erectus to Homo sapiens
70
1
Neandertals and Other Definite Homo sapiens
71
2
Middle Paleolithic Cultures
73
2
The Emergence of Modern Humans
75
3
Upper Paleolithic Cultures
78
5
The Earliest Humans and Their Cultures in the New World
83
3
Summary
86
1
Notes
87
3
Chapter 6 Human Variation
90
21
Processes in Human Variation
91
2
Physical Variation in Human Populations
93
8
"Race" and Racism
101
6
The Future of Human Variation
107
1
Summary
108
1
Notes
108
3
Chapter 7 The Emergence of Food Production and the Rise of States
111
34
Preagricultural Developments
113
4
The Domestication of Plants and Animals
117
6
Why Did Food Production Develop?
123
2
Consequences of the Rise of Food Production
125
2
Origins of Cities and States
127
11
Summary
138
1
Notes
139
6
PART III CULTURAL VARIATION
145
229
Chapter 8 The Concept of Culture
145
17
Attitudes That Hinder the Study of Cultures
146
2
Defining Features of Culture
148
4
Describing a Culture
152
4
Some Assumptions about Culture
156
4
Summary
160
1
Notes
160
2
Chapter 9 Communication and Language
162
28
Communication
163
2
The Origins of Language
165
3
Structural Linguistics
168
5
Historical Linguistics
173
5
Relationships between Language and Culture
178
3
The Ethnography of Speaking
181
5
Summary
186
1
Notes
187
3
Chapter 10 Getting Food
190
15
Food Collection
191
3
Food Production
194
5
Environmental Restraints on Food-Getting
199
2
The Spread and Intensification of Food Production
201
1
Summary
202
1
Notes
203
2
Chapter 11 Economics and Social Stratification
205
36
The Allocation of Resources
205
4
The Conversion of Resources
209
7
The Distribution of Goods and Services
216
11
Social Stratification
227
7
The Emergence of Stratification
234
2
Summary
236
1
Notes
236
5
Chapter 12 Sex, Gender, and Culture
241
23
Sex and Gender Differences
242
14
Sexuality
256
3
Summary
259
1
Notes
260
4
Chapter 13 Marriage and the Family
264
23
Marriage
264
15
The Family
279
4
Summary
283
1
Notes
284
3
Chapter 14 Marital Residence and Kinship
287
26
Patterns of Marital Residence
288
1
Explanations of Variation in Residence
289
4
The Structure of Kinship
293
11
Kinship Terminology
304
6
Summary
310
1
Notes
311
2
Chapter 15 Political Life: Social Order and Disorder
313
24
Variation in Types of Political Organization
314
9
Variation in Political Process
323
9
Summary
332
1
Notes
333
4
Chapter 16 Religion and Magic
337
17
Variation in Religious Beliefs
338
5
Variation in Religious Practices
343
3
Types of Practitioner
346
3
Religion and Adaptation
349
2
Summary
351
1
Notes
352
2
Chapter 17 Applied Anthropology and Social Problems
354
20
Applied and Practicing Anthropology
355
3
Global Social Problems: Basic Research and Possible Solutions
358
12
Making the World Better
370
1
Summary
370
1
Notes
371
3
Glossary
374
9
Bibliography
383
30
Index
413