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Tables of Contents for Atm & Mpeg-2
Chapter/Section Title
Page #
Page Count
List of Figures
xiii
5
List of Tables
xviii
3
Preface
xxi
4
Acknowledgments
xxv
 
1 Introduction
1
14
1.1 New Services and New Technologies
1
14
1.1.1 Network Technologies: Broadband ISDN and ATM
9
1
1.1.2 Digital Video Technologies: ISO/IEC's Moving Pictures Experts Group (MPEG)
10
1
1.1.3 Network Technologies: Access Networks
10
2
1.1.4 Video in Future Information Systems
12
3
2 Video and Audio Fundamentals
15
24
2.1 Video and Audio Fundamentals--On A Page
15
2
2.2 Video Fundamentals
17
11
2.2.1 Aspects of the Human Sense of Seeing
17
2
2.2.2 Colorspaces
19
2
RGB (Red, Green, Blue)
19
1
YUV and YCrCb
20
1
2.2.3 Sampling of Chrominance and Luminance Values
21
2
2.2.4 Interlacing
23
2
2.2.5 Digital Video Formats
25
3
ITU-R 601 Recommendation
25
1
Source Input Format (SIF) and Common Interchange Format (CIF)
26
2
2.3 Audio Fundamentals
28
9
2.3.1 Aspects of the Human Sense of Hearing
28
1
2.3.2 Basic Terms and Concepts
29
4
2.3.3 Digital Representation of Sound
33
4
2.4 To Get More Details
37
2
3 MPEG-2
39
114
3.1 MPEG-2--On A Page
39
2
3.2 the MPEG-2 Standards
41
1
3.3 MPEG-2 Video
42
35
3.3.1 Introduction
42
2
3.3.2 MPEG-2 Video--the Basics
44
17
Video Sequence
45
1
Frame
45
1
Pictures, Macroblocks and Blocks
45
7
Slices
52
1
Fields
52
1
Data Compression Used in MPEG-2 Video
53
8
3.3.3 MPEG-2 Video--The Video Bitstream Syntax
61
6
3.3.4 MPEG-2 Video--Scalability
67
6
Spatial Scalability
68
1
Temporal Scalability
69
1
SNR Scalability
70
1
Data Partitioning
70
3
3.3.5 MPEG-2 Video--Profiles and Levels
73
4
3.4 MPEG Audio
77
21
3.4.1 Introduction
77
1
3.4.2 Layers 1, 2, and 3
77
2
3.4.3 MPEG Audio Compression and Encoding
79
11
PDU Structure
85
4
Coding Modes
89
1
3.4.4 MPEG-2 Audio Additions
90
7
Compatibility and Matrixing
94
2
Adaptive Multichannel Prediction
96
1
3.4.5 The NBC Work Group
97
1
3.5 MPEG-2 Systems
98
35
3.5.1 Introduction
98
3
3.5.2 Transport Streams and Program Streams
101
19
MPEG-2 System Syntax Hierarchy
106
3
The Transport Packet
109
3
The Adaptation Field
112
4
Splicing of Transport Streams
116
1
The PES Packet
116
4
3.5.3 Program Specific Information
120
5
PSI Table Sections
123
2
3.5.4 The Program Clock Reference
125
5
3.5.5 Error Detection in MPEG-2 Systems
130
3
3.6 MPEG-2 Digital Storage Medium--Command and Control (DSM-CC)
133
18
3.6.1 Introduction
133
3
3.6.2 User-to-Network Operations
136
10
User-to-Network Messages
140
6
3.6.3 User-to-User Operations
146
5
Application Download Communication
146
1
Client-Server Communication
147
4
3.7 To Get More Details
151
2
4 Broadband Network Technologies
153
64
4.1 Broadband Network Technologies--On A Page
153
2
4.2 History and Background of B-ISDN
155
2
4.3 Abilities and Benefits of B-ISDN
157
7
4.3.1 Introduction
157
1
4.3.2 Application Independence
157
3
4.3.3 Bandwidth Efficiency
160
1
4.3.4 LAN-MAN-WAN Integration
161
1
4.3.5 Bandwidth Granularity
161
1
4.3.6 Dynamic Bandwidth
162
1
4.3.7 Variable Connection Quality
163
1
4.4 Description of Selected Network Elements and Structures
164
6
4.4.1 Introduction
164
1
4.4.2 Network Elements
165
3
4.4.3 Reference Points
168
1
4.4.4 Public Network Elements
168
2
4.5 B-ISDN Protocols
170
46
4.5.1 Introduction
170
4
4.5.2 Physical/Convergence Layer
174
2
Transmission Convergence Layer
175
1
Physical Media Dependent Layer
176
1
4.5.3 SONET and SDH
176
4
SONET STS-3c and SDH STM-1 Transmission Convergence Sublayer
178
1
SDH STM-1 and SONET STS-3c Frame Generation and Extraction
179
1
4.5.4 E3
180
1
4.5.5 DS-3
181
2
4.5.6 Header Error Control (HEC)
183
2
4.5.7 Cell Delineation
185
1
4.5.8 ATM Layer
186
7
VPI and VCI
188
2
GFC
190
1
PTI
191
1
CLP
192
1
HEC
192
1
4.5.9 ATM Layer Quality of Service (QoS)
193
4
4.5.10 ATM Adaptation Layer (AAL)
197
9
AAL-1
199
1
CS and SAR
200
2
AAL-5
202
2
CS and SAR
204
2
4.5.11 B-ISDN Services
206
10
Signaling
206
2
UNI Signaling
208
1
UNI Signaling Message Flow
209
2
UNI Signaling Message IE's
211
5
4.6 To Get More Details
216
1
5 Access Networks
217
22
5.1 Access Networks--On A Page
217
2
5.2 Access Networks--The Basics
219
3
5.3 Access Network Types
222
15
5.3.1 Introduction
222
3
5.3.2 FTTC
225
2
5.3.3 ADSL/VDSL
227
2
5.3.4 HFC
229
2
5.3.5 FTTH
231
1
5.3.6 Satellite and Terrestrial Distribution
231
3
5.3.7 MMDS/LMDS
234
3
5.4 To Get More Details
237
2
6 Video in Broadband Networks
239
40
6.1 Video in Broadband Networks--On A Page
239
2
6.2 Introduction
241
3
6.3 The ATM Forum Video On Demand Implementation Agreement
244
5
6.3.1 Introduction
244
1
6.3.2 ATM Forum VoD Protocol Reference Model
244
1
6.3.3 Network Adaptation
245
3
6.3.4 Traffic Parameters and Quality of Service Parameters
248
1
6.4 ITU-T Recommendation J.82
249
3
6.4.1 Mapping of MPEG-2 in AAL-1
249
1
6.4.2 Mapping of MPEG-2 in AAL-5
250
2
6.5 Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Work Groups: Digital Video in the Internet
252
7
6.5.1 Introduction
252
1
6.5.2 The Internet Service Model
253
3
6.5.3 IETF Work Groups and Standards
256
3
6.6 The Digital Audio-Visual Council (DAVIC) Association Specification
259
18
6.6.1 Introduction
259
5
6.6.2 DAVIC System Reference Model
264
3
6.6.3 DAVIC Delivery System
267
1
6.6.4 The DAVIC Information Flows
267
10
S1 Flow: Content Flow
268
3
S2 Flow: Control Flow
271
1
S3 Flow: Control Flow
271
2
S4 Flow: Control Flow
273
1
S5 Flow: Management Flow
274
1
Physical Layers in the DAVIC Delivery System
275
2
6.7 To Get More Details
277
2
List of References
279
8
Appendix A: Organizations
287
6
Appendix B: List of Acronyms
293
18
Index
311