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Tables of Contents for The Sociology of Health, Healing, and Illness
Chapter/Section Title
Page #
Page Count
Preface
ix
 
PART I PERSPECTIVES ON THE SOCIOLOGY OF HEALTH, HEALING, AND ILLNESS
1
34
CHAPTER ONE A Brief Introduction to the Sociology of Health, Healing, and Illness
1
12
Definition of Medical Sociology
1
1
Historical Development of Medical Sociology
2
2
Major Topics of Analysis in Medical Sociology
4
2
Sociology's Contribution to Health, Healing, and Illness
6
3
The Role of the Medical Sociologist in the Twenty-First Century
9
1
Summary
10
1
Health on the Internet
10
1
Key Concepts and Terms
11
1
Discussion Question
11
1
References
11
2
CHAPTER TWO The Development of Scientific Medicine
13
22
A Brief History of Medicine
14
1
Early Humans
14
1
The Egyptian Civilization
15
1
Greek and Roman Societies
15
3
Roman Medicine
18
1
The Medieval Era
19
1
Medicine in the Renaissance
20
1
Medicine from 1600 to 1900
21
3
The Ascendancy of Medical Authority in America
24
6
Perspectives on the Ascendancy of Medical Authority
30
2
Summary
32
1
Health on the Internet
32
1
Key Concepts and Terms
33
1
Discussion Question
33
1
References
33
2
PART II THE INFLUENCE OF THE SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT ON HEALTH AND ILLNESS
35
71
CHAPTER THREE Social Epidemiology
35
23
The Work of the Epidemiologist
35
2
The Epidemiological Transition
37
2
Life Expectancy and Mortality
39
6
Infant Mortality
45
2
Maternal Mortality
47
1
Morbidity
48
5
Disability
53
1
Summary
54
1
Health on the Internet
55
1
Key Concepts and Terms
55
1
Discussion Cases
55
1
References
56
2
CHAPTER FOUR Disease and Illness in American Society
58
25
Cardiovascular Diseases
61
4
Cancer
65
7
HIV/AIDS
72
3
Alzheimer's Disease
75
1
Mental Illness
76
3
Summary
79
1
Health on the Internet
79
1
Key Concepts and Terms
80
1
Discussion Case
80
1
References
81
2
CHAPTER FIVE Social Stress
83
23
Definition of Stress
83
1
Historical Development of the Stress Concept
83
1
A Model of Social Stress
84
1
Stressors
85
6
Appraisal of Stressors
91
1
Mediators of Stress: Coping and Social Support
92
3
Stress Outcomes
95
2
The Role of Social Class, Race, and Gender in Social Stress
97
4
Summary
101
1
Health on the Internet
102
1
Key Concepts and Terms
102
1
Discussion Cases
102
1
References
103
3
PART III HEALTH AND ILLNESS BEHAVIOR
106
44
CHAPTER SIX Health Behavior
106
20
The Concept of Health
106
2
Health Behavior
108
1
Describing Individual Health Behaviors
109
4
Explaining Health Behavior
113
8
Summary
121
1
Health on the Internet
122
1
Key Concepts and Terms
122
1
Discussion Cases
122
1
References
123
3
CHAPTER SEVEN Illness and Sick Role Behavior
126
24
Stages of Illness Experience
126
1
Stage 1: Symptom Experience
126
3
Stage 2: Assumption of the Sick Role; Illness as Deviance
129
5
Stage 3: Medical Care Contact/Self-Care
134
8
Stage 4: Dependent-Patient Role and Stage 5: Recovery and Rehabilitation
142
3
Summary
145
1
Health on the Internet
146
1
Key Concepts and Terms
146
1
Discussion Question
146
1
References
147
3
PART IV HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS AND THEIR RELATIONSHIPS WITH PATIENTS
150
139
CHAPTER EIGHT Physicians and the Profession of Medicine
150
25
The Profession of Medicine
150
4
Professional Medical Associations
154
1
The Social Control of Medicine
155
6
The Number, Composition, and Distribution of Physicians in the United States
161
3
Female Physicians
164
4
Physician Satisfaction and Dissatisfaction
168
1
Physician Impairment: Stresses and Strains of the Physician Role
169
1
Summary
170
1
Health on the Internet
171
1
Key Concepts and Terms
171
1
Discussion Case
171
1
References
172
3
CHAPTER NINE Medical Education and the Socialization of Physicians
175
21
The History of Medical Education
175
2
Modern Medical Education
177
6
The Premed Experience
183
1
The Medical School Experience: Attitude and Value Acquisition
183
3
The Medical School Experience: Stress
186
2
The Medical School Experience: Career Choices
188
2
Future Directions in U.S. Medical Education
190
1
Summary
191
1
Health on the Internet
192
1
Key Concepts and Terms
192
1
Discussion Case
192
1
References
193
3
CHAPTER TEN Nurses, Mid-Level Health Care Practitioners, and Allied Health Workers
196
23
Evolution of Nonphysician Health Care Practitioners
196
3
Nurses and the Field of Nursing
199
6
Mid-Level Health Care Practitioners
205
3
Allied Health Workers
208
2
The Health Care Team
210
1
Relationships among Health Care Workers
211
3
The Changing Environment among Health Care Workers
214
1
Summary
215
1
Health on the Internet
216
1
Key Concepts and Terms
216
1
Discussion Question
216
1
References
217
2
CHAPTER ELEVEN Alternative Healers and Alternative Healing Practices
219
27
Scientific Medicine and Alternative Healing
219
1
Alternative Healers
220
4
Chiropractic
224
5
Acupuncture
229
3
Spiritual Healing and Christian Science
232
4
Ethnic Folk Healing
236
5
Summary
241
1
Health on the Internet
242
1
Key Concepts and Terms
242
1
Discussion Case
242
1
References
243
3
CHAPTER TWELVE The Physician-Patient Relationship: Background and Models
246
25
Models of the Physician-Patient Relationship
246
2
Key Dimensions of the Physician-Patient Relationship
248
8
The Influence of the Clinical Setting on the Physician-Patient Relationship
256
1
Labeling Patients: The Influence of Social Class, Race, and Symptomology on the Physician-Patient Relationship
257
1
The Influence of Gender on the Physician-Patient Relationship
258
4
Patient Satisfaction with Physicians
262
2
Patient Compliance with Medical Regimens
264
1
Summary
265
1
Health on the Internet
266
1
Key Concepts and Terms
266
1
Discussion Cases
266
1
References
267
4
CHAPTER THIRTEEN Professional and Ethical Obligations of Physicians in the Physician-Patient Relationship
271
18
Truth-Telling as an Issue
271
4
Confidentiality as an Issue
275
4
Obligation to Treat AIDS Patients
279
6
Summary
285
1
Health on the Internet
285
1
Key Concepts and Terms
285
1
Discussion Cases
286
1
References
287
2
PART V THE HEALTH CARE SYSTEM
289
95
CHAPTER FOURTEEN The Health Care System of the United States
289
25
Health Care Expenditures
289
3
Financing Health Care
292
4
America's Uninsured Population
296
1
Explaining the High Cost of Health Care
297
5
Cost Containment: DRGs, Rationing, and Managed Care
302
5
The Politics of Health Care Reform
307
3
Summary
310
1
Health on the Internet
311
1
Key Concepts and Terms
311
1
Discussion Cases
311
1
References
312
2
CHAPTER FIFTEEN Health Care Delivery
314
23
The Emergence of Freestanding Ambulatory Care Sites
314
4
The Flourishing of Managed Care Systems: HMOs and PPOs
318
3
Emergence of the Modern Hospital
321
12
The Reemergence of Home Health Care
333
1
Summary
334
1
Health on the Internet
334
1
Key Concepts and Terms
335
1
Discussion Case
335
1
References
336
1
CHAPTER SIXTEEN The Social Implications of Advanced Health Care Technology
337
26
Health Care Technology
338
4
The Right to Refuse or Demand Advanced Health Care Technology
342
8
Organ Donation and Transplantation
350
5
New Reproductive Technologies
355
4
Summary
359
1
Health on the Internet
359
1
Key Concepts and Terms
360
1
Discussion Cases
360
1
References
361
2
CHAPTER SEVENTEEN Comparative Health Care Systems
363
21
Major Influences on Health Care Systems
363
2
Types of Health Care Systems
365
1
China
366
3
Russia
369
3
Canada
372
5
Great Britain
377
3
Common Challenges to Health Care Systems Around the World
380
1
Summary
381
1
Health on the Internet
381
1
Key Concepts and Terms
382
1
Discussion Questions
382
1
References
382
2
Photo Credits
384
1
Name Index
385
12
Subject Index
397