Critical praise for ABSOLUTE MONARCHSâAbsolute Monarchs sprawls across Europe and the Levant, over two millenniums, and with an impossibly immense cast: 265 popes, feral hordes of Vandals, Huns and Visigoths, expansionist emperors, Byzantine intriguers, Borgias and Medicis, heretic zealots, conspiring clerics, bestial inquisitors and more. Norwich manages to organize this crowded stage and produce a rollicking narrative. He keeps things moving at nearly beach-read pace.ââBill Keller, New York Times Book Review, Cover reviewÂ âRenowned historian Norwich offers a rollicking account of the men who held the papal office, their shortcomings and their virtues, and the impact of the papacy on world history. He conducts us masterfully on a tour of the lives of the popes from Peter to Benedict XVI. . . . Entertaining and deeply researched, Norwichâs history offers a wonderful introduction to papal lives.ââPublishers WeeklyÂ âHistorian, travel writer, and television documentarian Norwich presents an excellent, often surprising history of that 2,000-year-old institutionâ¦.he focuses on political history as he traces the evolution of the papacy as an institution, while at the same time providing entertaining profiles of the most historically significant popesâ¦.An outstanding historical survey.ââBooklistÂ âWhen Norwich writes, I read; this member of the House of Lords is a notable and engrossing historian, perhaps best known for his monumental study of Byzantium. Here he offers a history of the nearly two-millennia-old papacy that should be popular with many readers.ââLibrary JournalÂ âA spirited, concise chronicle of the accomplishments of the most noteworthy popes. . . . Norwich doesnât skirt controversies, ancient and present, in this broad, clear-eyed assessment.ââKirkus ReviewsÂ Â A SWEEPING CHRONICLE OF ONE OF THE MOST SIGNIFICANTâAND CONTROVERSIALâINSTITUTIONS IN HISTORYÂ With the papacy embattled in recent years, it is essential to have the perspective of one of the worldâs most accomplished historians. In Absolute Monarchs, John Julius Norwich captures nearly two thousand years of inspiration and devotion, intrigue and scandal. The men (and maybe one woman) who have held this position of infallible power over millions have ranged from heroes to rogues, admirably wise to utterly decadent. Norwich, who knew two popes and had private audiences with two others, recounts in riveting detail the histories of the most significant popes and what they meant politically, culturally, and socially to Rome and to the world.Norwich presents such brave popes as Innocent I, who in the fifth century successfully negotiated with Alaric the Goth, an invader civil authorities could not defeat, and Leo I, who two decades later tamed (and perhaps paid off) Attila the Hun. Here, too, are the scandalous figures: Pope Joan, the mythic woman said (without any substantiation) to have been elected in 855, and the infamous âpornocracy,â the five libertines who were descendants or lovers of Marozia, debauched daughter of one of Romeâs most powerful families.Absolute Monarchs brilliantly portrays reformers such as Pope Paul III, âthe greatest pontiff of the sixteenth century,â who reinterpreted the Churchâs teaching and discipline, and John XXIII, who in five short years starting in 1958 âopened up the church to the twentieth century,â instituting reforms that led to Vatican II. Norwich brings the story to the present day with Benedict XVI, who is coping with a global priest sex scandal.Epic and compelling, Absolute Monarchs is the astonishing story of some of historyâs most revered and reviled figures, men who still cast light and shadows on the Vatican and the world today.