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In 1966, Paul Baran and Paul Sweezy published Monopoly Capital, a monumental work of economic theory and social criticism that sought to reveal the basic nature of the capitalism of their time. Their theory, and its continuing elaboration by Sweezy, Harry Magdoff, and others in Monthly Review magazine, infl uenced generations of radical and heterodox economists. They recognized that MarxÃ¢ÂÂs work was unfi nished and itself historically conditioned, and that any attempt to understand capitalism as an evolving phenomenon needed to take changing conditions into account. Having observed the rise of giant monopolistic (or oligopolistic) fi rms in the twentieth century, they put monopoly capital at the center of their analysis, arguing that the rising surplus such fi rms accumulatedÃ¢ÂÂas a result of their pricing power, massive sales efforts, and other factorsÃ¢ÂÂcould not be profi tably invested back into the economy. Absent any Ã¢ÂÂepoch making innovationsÃ¢ÂÂ like the automobile or vast new increases in military spending, the result was a general trend toward economic stagnationÃ¢ÂÂa condition that persists, and is increasingly apparent, to this day. Their analysis was also extended to issues of imperialism, or Ã¢ÂÂaccumulation on a world scale,Ã¢ÂÂ overlapping with the path-breaking work of Samir Amin in particular.
John Bellamy Foster is a leading exponent of this theoretical perspective today, continuing in the tradition of Baran and SweezyÃ¢ÂÂs Monopoly Capital. This new edition of his essential work, The Theory of Monopoly Capitalism, is a clear and accessible explication of this outlook, brought up to the present, and incorporating an analysis of recently discovered Ã¢ÂÂlostÃ¢ÂÂ chapters from Monopoly Capital and correspondence between Baran and Sweezy. It also discusses Magdoff and SweezyÃ¢ÂÂs analysis of the fi nancialization of the economy in the 1970s, Ã¢ÂÂ80s, and Ã¢ÂÂ90s, leading up to the Great Financial Crisis of the opening decade of this century. Foster presents and develops the main arguments of monopoly capital theory, examining its key exponents, and addressing its critics in a way that is thoughtful but rigorous, suspicious of dogma but adamant that the deep-seated problems of todayÃ¢ÂÂs monopoly-fi nance capitalism can only truly be solved in the process of overcoming the system itself.