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: The Two Gentlemen of Verona is a comedy by William Shakespeare Less gaiety characterised another comedy of the same date, âThe Two Gentlemen of Verona,â which dramatises a romantic story of love and friendship. There is every likelihood that it was an adaptationâamounting to a reformationâof a lost âHistory of Felix and Philomena,â which had been acted at Court in 1584. The story is the same as that of âThe Shepardess Felismenaâ in the Spanish pastoral romance of âDianaâ by George de Montemayor, which long enjoyed popularity in England. No complete English translation of âDianaâ was published before that of Bartholomew Yonge in 1598, but a manuscript version by Thomas Wilson, which was dedicated to the Earl of Southampton in 1596, was possibly circulated far earlier. Some verses from âDianaâ were translated by Sir Philip Sidney and were printed with his poems as early as 1591. Barnabe Richâs story of âApollonius and Sillaâ (from Cinthioâs âHecatommithiâ), which Shakespeare employed again in âTwelfth Night,â also gave him some hints. Trifling and irritating conceits abound in the âTwo Gentlemen,â but passages of high poetic spirit are not wanting, and the speeches of the clowns, Launce and Speedâthe precursors of a long line of whimsical serving-menâoverflow with farcical drollery. The âTwo Gentlemenâ was not published in Shakespeareâs lifetime; it first appeared in the folio of 1623, after having, in all probability, undergone some revision.