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: Save for his raucous, rhapsodical autobiography, âEcce Homo,â âThe Antichristâ is the last thing that Nietzsche ever wrote, and so it may be accepted as a statement of some of his most salient ideas in their final form. Notes for it had been accumulating for years and it was to have constituted the first volume of his long-projected magnum opus, âThe Will to Power.â His full plan for this work, as originally drawn up, was as follows: Vol. I. The Antichrist: an Attempt at a Criticism of Christianity. Vol. II. The Free Spirit: a Criticism of Philosophy as a Nihilistic Movement. Vol. III. The Immoralist: a Criticism of Morality, the Most Fatal Form of Ignorance. Vol. IV. Dionysus: the Philosophy of Eternal Recurrence. The first sketches for âThe Will to Powerâ were made in 1884, soon after the publication of the first three parts of âThus Spake Zarathustra,â and thereafter, for four years, Nietzsche piled up notes. They were written at all the places he visited on his endless travels in search of healthâat Nice, at Venice, at Sils-Maria in the Engadine (for long his favourite resort), at Cannobio, at ZÃ¼rich, at Genoa, at Chur, at Leipzig. Several times his work was interrupted by other books, first by âBeyond Good and Evil,â then by âThe Genealogy of Moralsâ (written in twenty days), then by his Wagner pamphlets. Almost as often he changed his plan. Once he decided to expand âThe Will to Powerâ to ten volumes, with âAn Attempt at a New Interpretation of the Worldâ as a general sub-title. Again he adopted the sub-title of âAn Interpretation of All That Happens.â Finally, he hit upon âAn Attempt at a Transvaluation of All Values,â and went back to four volumes, though with a number of changes in their arrangement. In September, 1888, he began actual work upon the first volume, and before the end of the month it was completed. The Summer had been one of almost hysterical creative activity. Since the middle of June he had written two other small books, âThe Case of Wagnerâ and âThe Twilight of the Idols,â and before the end of the year he was destined to write âEcce Homo.â Some time during December his health began to fail rapidly, and soon after the New Year he was helpless. Thereafter he wrote no more. The Wagner diatribe and âThe Twilight of the Idolsâ were published immediately, but âThe Antichristâ did not get into type until 1895.