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: This briefing presents the results of a RAND review thatidentified materials research needs suitable for assistance from theIndustrial Materials for the Future program, which focuses on core areas ofvalue to multiple industries.To promote energy efficiency and productivity and reduction of environmentalimpact in industrial contexts, the Department of Energy sponsors both basicresearch through its Office of Science and nearer-term applications forspecific industries through its Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT).But some research that is critical to improving materials performance inindustrial environments falls into a gap between these two categoriesbecause it involves technologies that lack the maturity to supportnearer-term needs. The Industrial Materials for the Future (IMF) programfills this gap by sponsoring research in core areas that are of value tomultiple industries. RAND conducted an independent review to identifymaterials research needs consistent with both OIT's and IMF's mission,yielding a set of nine matrices that match performance targets with researchpriorities for each OIT industry. These matrices suggested a set ofresearch areas suitable for IMF assistance, including high temperature andcorrosion-resistant materials, database development and modeling, andcomposition-processing-properties relationships. Additional RAND work willcover specific performance goals for these, as well as the associatedchallenges and benefits.