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: This report documents an initiative by the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) of the U.S. Department of Energy to identify and assess a range of emerging issues that may affect future energy use and supply. The project had three parts: (1) a conference called E-Vision 2000, held October 11_13, 2000 in Washington, D.C., including presentation of invited papers; (2) an assessment of long-range planning scenarios currently used in the energy community; and (3) a structured process to identify a set of critical energy issues in 2020 to inform the EERE R&D portfolio, as viewed by a range of energy experts. This document summarizes the issues raised and suggestions made for future research by the participants in and attendees at the E-Vision conference and the key insights derived from RAND_s scenario analysis and expert elicitation. It also includes abstracts of papers submitted by some of the panelists. Conference participants explored the influence of information technologies on energy use; the implications of changing building designs to simultaneously improve both worker and energy productivity; how energy productivity can be improved through fundamental changes in transportation systems, land-use planning, and electricity grid design; and systems approaches to energy use.